N.Karazin, vostov and others there are autographs of a famous writer and historian nikolai mikhailovich Karamzin (1766-1826). These are mainly his letters to different people, which are even more precious that the archive of Karamzin has not remained in a whole. Y.Dashkov fund there is a small self-written note by karamzin about Dmitry rostovsky, which served as one of the preliminary materials to his «Istoria gosudarstva rossijskogo» The history of Russian State. Pushkinsky dom library holds the first edition of «Istoria» (1815-1829) with the authors dedicatory inscription. A.kavelin «as a sign of sincere piety and devotion». The collection of image materials of the xviii and beginning of the xix century was founded in the literature museum of Pushkinsky dom in its first years already and has been replenished up to nowadays. It contains an extensive collection of the xviii century state, social and cultural figures portraits. The most important arrivals came in the s when the Presidium of the Academy of Sciences donated the portraits of the Academy members, the portraits of its first president.
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Letters to Krylov, documents and other materials arrived in 1901 from the widow of intro the researcher of Krylovs life and works nevich (1831—1879). In 1931 Krylovs archive was transferred along with a series of other materials from the Academic library to pushkinsky dom where all these materials constituted a united fund in 1938. The academic collection of Krylovs manuscripts is especially valuable in the part of the fables autographs which formed the basis of the great fable-writers personal fund. Other autographs were either located in albums (of. D.Ponomareva, ypova, supova) or joined the collections of different people (ot, Prince. Among the separate materials of the xviii century the autographs of poems «Zmeya polzla.» and «Epitafiya» by Alexander Petrovich Sumarokov, included in ot fund, are especially valuable. The letters of nikolai ivanovich novikov (1744—1812) are stored in the funds. Novikov was a publicist, enlightener, a founder of a series of magazines, including the famous «Truten». Magazines «Truten «Zhivopisets» and «Koshelyok» as well as many publications of xviii century writers realized by novikov, are represented in the library of Pushkinky dom. In collections of rtsev,. I.yakovlev, in the funds of ech,.
In ot fund there are also autographs of his works, including odes to the death of Derzhavin. «Miloi sestre dashenke» to dear sister Dashenka - this was the inscription made on a copy of «Sochineniya» (1796) (nowadays stored in the library of the pushkinsky dom) that. V.Kapnist presented. Derzhavins second wife -. In a book «Liricheskiye sochineniya» lyric Works (1806) by kapnist there is a sign lined made by the owner of the book evsky: «This edition is remarkable for the engravings by sanders and the ode against slavery, excluded in other editions». Ivan Andreevich Krylov (1769—1844) — a journalist, playwright, fable-writer, collaborator of the Emperors Public Library, whose creation work started in the xviii century, played an important role in the development of democratic orientation of Russian xix century literature. Ylovs files arrived at the Academy of Sciences in parts. In 1877 the poets autographs were donated by veliev, his heir.
lvova, the second part contains the authors correcting of reviews a series of poems. In Derzhavins fund there are autographs of yakov borisovich Knyazhnins (1740—1791 translations of plays «Cinna» and «The death of Pompey». The collection. I.yakovlev disposes the materials of Alexander nikolaievich Radischev (1749—1902 these are his appeal for pardon to Emperor pavel i and witness in court about «Puteshestviye iz peterburga v moskvu». Vasily vasilyevich Kapnist (1753—1823) was a younger contemporary and friend of Derzhavin, a poet and playwright. His fund contains autographs of poems, odes, satires, translations (including odes by horace and «Slovo o polku diary igoreve articles, letters. Separate autographs of Kapnists letters are stored in the archives of the bakunins,.
There are two copies of the last lifetime edition of «Sochineniya» (1808-1816) by derzhavin with the authors correcting. The copy stored in the manuscript Department contains typography connected with the poets work on comments to his poems. This copy was presented to the poets nephew. . lvova; she made some of the notes in handwriting from Derzhavins dictation. In the library of the Institute, included into. . Longinovs personal library, there are the first, the second and the forth parts of «Sochineniya». In the pre-title page there is Derzhavins dedicatory inscription to another nephew of his,. .
What is a fable
The items of special value are different versions and hypothesis separate parts of «Zhizn and Priklucheniya andreia bolotova his diaries, everyday notes and magazines, different scientific and literary works, a family tree, an autobiography, a bibliography of his works and letters. The creation work. . Derzhavin (1743-1816) is one of the brightest phenomena of native fiction of «Catherines Age». Deeply original poetic outlook, freedom of expression in word creation unknown before, daring stylistic experiments, an intense significant dialogue with official ideology, as well as various connections with famous contemporaries not only made derzhavin, the poet, a central figure of xviii-xix literature process, but also. Derzhavin was an important state and cultural figure of the 2nd half of the century.
During the text redaction (1864-1883) of Works by derzhavin Academician. . Grot collected many manuscript materials concerning the poets life and works. In 19large part of these documents arrived from. . Grot (the Academicians son) and from the Academic Library (39 bulgy boxes). Sorting and inventorying of this collection was finished in 1946. A small part of Derzhavins papers is stored in collections. . Kapnist and in separate arrivals as well.
For the main part they had been received or purchased during the first 25 years of its existence. Dashkov (1849-1910) and the publishing editor of magazine «Russkaya starina» historian. . The next large arrival of the xviii century documents was represented with archival funds, collections and separate documents referring to russian history, literature and social ideas, from the manuscript Department of the Academic Library. Among them the most important are the funds. . Kapnist and the collection. . Later on the collection of xviii century manuscripts was permanently supplemented with separate documents and the ones included into personal files and collections.
Among these funds the most remarkable are those. . A large number of historic and literary materials of the xvii-xx centuries arrived in different times from personal donators, from the Institute of World Literature named after. . Gorky (1951) and as part of family funds of the aksakovs, the bakunins, the bestuzhevs, the turgenevs and others. Documents of the xviii century writers are, as a rule, distributed among numerous collections of the manuscript Department. Such are the materials. . The exceptions are personal funds. . Andrei timofeevich Bolotov (1738-1833) was a writer and an agronomist. His fund was extracted from the files of the magazine «Russkaya starina which arrived together with the materials. .
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It was in that century that the reform of Russian versification took place. Native literature of the xviii century progressed in a many-sided, full-fledged and vivid manner. It statement was a sort of a giant creational laboratory where the main forms of Russian language and rhyme were generated. All the outstanding literature figures of this period appeared as deliberate, and some of them - brilliant experimenters in the field of fictional word. The fact that they were not only artists of word, but also philologists and theoreticians was not accidental. Many literary works of the xviii century still reveal undoubted fictional expressiveness - even compared to fictional discoveries and accomplishments of two further centuries of Russian literature history. Initially the manuscript collection of Pushkinsky dom was formed with a dominating number of the xviii century documents.
Links of Russian culture resume with the foreign ones achieved new characteristics. The problem of creating and strengthening of the russian national state encouraged the necessity of creating and strengthening of Russian national literature. This problem raised by the epoch of Peter the Great, determined all the development of our fiction in the xviii century. In Russia of this period a totally original fiction came to life, marked with all the features of European standard perfection. Russian literature of the xviii century was generated on the basis preceded by Old Russian literature and folklore. In its turn it prepared the bloom of Russian classical literature of the xix century. A spirit of innovation characteristic for all Russian culture of the epoch was in full scale reflected in poetry as well.
transport, and creates favourable investment climate. There are many theatres, musical companies and museums in Poltava, whilst the unusual beauty of local sceneries wont leave anyone indifferent. The xviii century in Russia is an epoch of Peters reforms, «palace» revolutions and enlightened absolutism. The cultural development of the russian state was also high in this period. Secular current began to play the main role in education, literature and art.
In spring 1802 Poltava province was established which existed till 1925. During the 19th century the city was rapidly built to answer its new purpose and in accordance to the new status. This was the time when the unique architectural ensemble in the style of the model Classicism was built in round Square, being the only one architectural monument of the kind in the former soviet Union. Active construction in the city continued book in the early 20th century, as a result of which Poltava has become the site of a harmonious unity of several architectural epochs — late baroque, provincial Classicism and Ukrainian Modern. Poltava is the birthplace of the father of the new Ukrainian literature. Kotlyarevsky, the legendary singer Marusya churay and the prominent churchman. The fable writer. Starytsky, educators.
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Enlarge the business map, poltava, poltava is one of the oldest cities of Ukraine, the centre of Poltava region. Its unique geographical location at the border with the wild field and at the crossroads of the trading and economical ways of the cossack hetmanates period influenced the development of the city. During the times of kievan Rus the city was part of the largest principality of Pereyaslav, whilst Poltava itself which was then known as Ltava was the southernest outpost of the principalitys system of fortifications against nomads. The first written reference of Ltava is mentioned in the Ipatiyivsky chronicle of 1174. Archeological findings, however, suggest the existence of an earlier settlement. The poltava battle of became a turning point in the history of the city and of the entire nation. It was this battle, or rather its consequences, that determined the citys further development.