He emphasizes that he is not talking just about fly-by-night hucksters but the top management of blue chip business.7. A frontal assault was made on our government, our system of justice, and the free enterprise system by yale Professor Charles reich in his widely publicized book: The Greening of America, published last winter. The foregoing references illustrate the broad, shotgun attack on the system itself. There are countless examples of rifle shots which undermine confidence and confuse the public. Favorite current targets are proposals for tax incentives through changes in depreciation rates and investment credits. These are usually described in the media as tax breaks, loop holes or tax benefits for the benefit of business. As viewed by a columnist in the post, such tax measures would benefit only the rich, the owners of big companies.8. It is dismaying that many politicians make the same argument that tax measures of this kind benefit only business, without benefit to the poor.
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It is the sum total of their views and influence which could indeed fatally weaken or destroy the system. A the chilling description of what is being taught on many of our campuses was written by Stewart Alsop: Yale, like every other major college, is graduating scores of bright young men who are practitioners of the politics of despair. These young men despise the American political and economic system. (their) minds seem to be wholly closed. They live, not by rational discussion, but by mindless slogans.4 A recent poll of students on 12 representative campuses reported that: Almost half the students favored socialization of basic. A visiting professor from England at Rockford College gave a series of lectures entitled The Ideological War Against Western Society, in which he documents the extent to which members of the intellectual community are waging ideological warfare against the enterprise system and the values. In a foreword to these lectures, famed. Milton Friedman of Chicago warned: It (is) crystal clear that the foundations of our free society are under wide-ranging and powerful attack — not by communist or any other conspiracy but by misguided individuals parroting one another and unwittingly serving ends they would never intentionally. Perhaps the single most effective antagonist of American business is Ralph Nader, who — thanks largely to the media — has become a legend in his own time and an idol of millions of Americans. A recent article in Fortune speaks of Nader as follows: The passion that rules in him — and he is a passionate man — is aimed at smashing utterly the target of his hatred, which is corporate power. He thinks, and says quite bluntly, that a great many corporate executives belong in prison — for defrauding the consumer with shoddy merchandise, poisoning the food supply with chemical additives, and willfully manufacturing unsafe products that will maim or kill the buyer.
One of the bewildering paradoxes of our time is the extent to which the enterprise system tolerates, if not participates in, its own destruction. The campuses from which much of the criticism emanates are supported by (i) tax funds generated largely from American business, and (ii) contributions from capital funds controlled or generated by American business. The boards of trustees of our universities overwhelmingly are composed of men and women who are leaders in presentation the system. Most of the media, including the national tv systems, are owned and theoretically controlled by corporations which depend upon profits, and the enterprise system to survive. Tone of the Attack. This memorandum is not the place to document in detail the tone, character, or intensity of the attack. The following"tions will suffice to give one a general idea: William Kunstler, warmly welcomed on campuses and listed in a recent student poll as the American lawyer most admired, incites audiences as follows: you must learn to fight in the streets, to revolt,. We will learn to do all of the things that property owners fear.2 The new Leftists who heed Kunstlers advice increasingly are beginning to act — not just against military recruiting offices and manufacturers of munitions, but against a variety of businesses: Since february, 1970.
They include, not unexpectedly, the communists, new Leftists and other revolutionaries who would destroy the entire system, both political and economic. These extremists of the left are thesis far more numerous, better financed, and increasingly are more welcomed and encouraged by other elements of society, than ever before in our history. But they remain a small minority, and are not yet the principal cause for concern. The most disquieting voices joining the chorus of criticism come from perfectly respectable elements of society: from the college campus, the pulpit, the media, the intellectual and literary journals, the arts and sciences, and from politicians. In most of these groups the movement against the system is participated in only by minorities. Yet, these often are the most articulate, the most vocal, the most prolific in their writing and speaking. Moreover, much of the media-for varying motives and in varying degrees-either voluntarily accords unique publicity to these attackers, or at least allows them to exploit the media for their purposes. This is especially true of television, which now plays such a predominant role in shaping the thinking, attitudes and emotions of our people.
This varies in scope, intensity, in the techniques employed, and in the level of visibility. There always have been some who opposed the American system, and preferred socialism or some form of statism (communism or fascism). Also, there always have been critics of the system, whose criticism has been wholesome and constructive so long as the objective was to improve rather than to subvert or destroy. But what now concerns us is quite new in the history of America. We are not dealing with sporadic or isolated attacks from a relatively few extremists or even from the minority socialist cadre. Rather, the assault on the enterprise system is broadly based and consistently pursued. It is gaining momentum and converts. Sources of the Attack, the sources are varied and diffused.
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Powell did embrace expansion of corporate kurzfassung privilege and wrote the majority opinion. First National Bank of Boston. Bellotti, a 1978 decision that effectively invented a first Amendment right for corporations to influence ballot questions. On social issues, he was a moderate, whose votes often surprised his backers. Confidential Memorandum: Attack of American Free enterprise system. Date: August 23, 1971, tO:.
Sydnor,., Chairman, Education Committee,. This memorandum is submitted at your request as a basis for the discussion on August 24 with. Booth (executive vice president) and others at the. The purpose is to identify the problem, and suggest possible avenues of action for further consideration. Dimensions of the Attack, no thoughtful person can question that the American economic system is under broad attack.
The powell Memo was first published August 23, 1971. Introduction, in 1971, lewis Powell, then a corporate lawyer and member of the boards of 11 corporations, wrote a memo to his friend Eugene sydnor,., the director of the. The memorandum was dated August 23, 1971, two months prior to powells nomination by President Nixon to the. The powell Memo did not become available to the public until long after his confirmation to the court. It was leaked to jack Anderson, a liberal syndicated columnist, who stirred interest in the document when he cited it as reason to doubt Powells legal objectivity.
Anderson cautioned that Powell might use his position on the supreme court to put his ideas into practicein behalf of business interests. Though Powells memo was not the sole influence, the Chamber and corporate activists took his advice to heart and began building a powerful array of institutions designed to shift public attitudes and beliefs over the course of years and decades. The memo influenced or inspired the creation of the heritage foundation, the manhattan Institute, the cato Institute, citizens for a sound Economy, accuracy in Academe, and other powerful organizations. Their long-term focus began paying off handsomely in the 1980s, in coordination with the reagan Administrations hands-off business philosophy. Most notable about these institutions was their focus on education, shifting values, and movement-building — a focus we share, though often with sharply contrasting goals.* (see our endnote for more on this.). So did Powells political views influence his judicial decisions? The evidence is mixed.
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While bosworth said it was one of his most unpopular employee messages, a business former senior executive told buzzfeed that it was "super popular internally.". The memo drew criticism after it leaked this week. New York magazine writer Max read noted that the memo resembled a parody of Facebook's philosophy that he had written a few months earlier. Bosworth has continued to defend the memo as a thought exercise, arguing on Twitter with people who were skeptical that he hadn't meant every word he wrote. At least some facebook critics accepted Bosworth's defense that he'd merely been trying to provoke. "It would be terrifying if Facebook's leadership was so ensconced in naive bromides about the goodness of connecting people as to be blind to its obvious dark sides conor Friedersdorf wrote in the Atlantic. The verge reported that Bosworth deleted the 2016 memo after learning it had been obtained by reporters this week and then wrote a new memo to employees in which he complained about the initial leak. "If we have to live in fear that even our bad ideas will be exposed then we won't explore them or understand them as such bosworth wrote, according to the verge. "We run a much greater risk of stumbling on them later.".
A man posted a facebook video of himself killing someone last April. A month later, a man soaked himself in kerosene, lit himself on fire and used Facebook live to stream video of his self-immolation. This year, the public learned that Russian operatives used Facebook to propagandise and troll Americans during the 2016 election, using connectivity to create division. The repeated scandals reached a crisis point this month, with the revelation that a political firm linked to donald Trump's presidential campaign improperly obtained and exploited data from millions of users. While bosworth now argues interview that he was playing devil's advocate in his memo, he wrote at the time that Facebook, by necessity, would keep connecting people and expanding no matter how ugly the cost. Loading "In almost all of our work, we have to answer hard questions about what we believe he concluded. "We have to justify the metrics and make sure they aren't losing out on a bigger picture. Because that's what. During the nearly two years that the memo remained on Facebook's internal platform, buzzfeed wrote, employees commented on it and debated.
fall in love, attack each other or, in the memo's most extreme example. "That's why all the work we do in growth is justified bosworth wrote. "All the questionable contact importing practices. All the subtle language that helps people stay searchable by friends. All of the work we do to bring more communication. The work we will likely have to do in China some day. Pressure is building on Facebook chief Mark zuckerberg. Photo: ap, loading, buzzfeed noted that the memo was written almost immediately after a man was shot to death while streaming live video of himself with Facebook live, and a few days before a palestinian teenager was accused of killing an Israeli girl after praising. These deaths were a prelude to a string of other gruesome and violent incidents that appeared in videos and live streams on the social network.
The ugly truth is that we believe in connecting people so deeply that anything that allows us to connect more people more often is *de facto* good.". Facebook executive andrew Bosworth. Photo: ap, bosworth, who oversaw Facebook's advertising and business platform at the time and is now in charge of the company's virtual reality department, has acknowledged writing the message but said he intended only to start a debate. "I didn't agree with it even when I presentation wrote it he wrote on Twitter after buzzfeed published its report. Facebook chief executive mark zuckerberg, who is already facing a public relations crisis over accusations that the company mishandled millions of users' private data, disavowed the memo. Advertisement "boz is a talented leader who says many provocative things zuckerberg said in a statement, using Bosworth's nickname. "This was one that most people at Facebook including myself disagreed with strongly.
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Featured Article, gender thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 5,467,537 times. Did this article help you? By avi selk, updated — 9:14amfirst published at 9:12am. In a 2016 employee memo that was leaked this week, a facebook executive defended the company's questionable data mining practices and championed the growth of social media at any cost - apparently even death. "Maybe it costs a life by exposing someone to bullies company vice president Andrew Bosworth wrote in the memo, according to buzzfeed News, which published it Thursday. "Maybe someone dies in a terrorist attack coordinated on our tools. And still we connect people.