— i love her with our first meeting. If semantic verb pronounced dynamic verb that refers to long-term effect (sleep, wait, live, work). In this case, it can be used as a time Present Perfect, and Present Perfect Continuous, and the meaning of the sentence is not changed. I have not slept for three days! — i have not slept for three days! Ive lived in this city since childhood. — i live in this city since childhood.
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In this case, adverbs, which do not indicate specific time and frequency of actions: for (during since (since ever (ever never (never just (just already (already), yet (has already before (before often (often seldom (rarely recently (recently lately (recently etc. More use of these dialects with the Present Perfect is described in the article «Speech to the Present Perfect». I recommend to read it to everyone who is going to seriously deal with this difficult time. Present Perfect Tense is used to transmit an action that started in the past and continues to the present time. You may say that this is the main function other grammatical time — present Perfect Continuous, and rightly. But there are three cases when the Present Perfect to replace it: If essay the verb is expressed by the verb meaning state. As you know, the verbs state can not be used in times of group Continuous, so they come to the rescue group time simple: weve known each other since school years. — we know each other since high school. She has wanted to become an actress all her life. — all her life she dreams of becoming an actress. Ive loved her since we first met.
— i was in Italy four times. Again, using the Present Perfect, we mentioned that the action was repeated, but did not describe the specific situation. If we want to do it at our disposal will be past Simple. By the way, all of us from the very first lessons have got a thesis famous phrase as equivalent to have, possess. Now you know what a verb get (receive) Time Present Perfect. Do you think that is why we say that we have something to eat, using the Present Perfect? Obviously, to have something, you must first get it: heres a prime example of this connection with the past by the result! As in any other time, there are word markers Present Perfect.
(now lunch) we went to poland on a guaranteed business trip this spring. — this spring, we went on a business trip to poland. (now the summer) It is logical that the question of the time of action (ie, the word when) also can not use the Present Perfect, since we are talking about a specific action in the past, completed, and belong exclusively to the elapsed time: When. — when did you come? When was the last time you ate apples? — when did you last eat apples? Often times Present Perfect Tense is used to show repeated action: ive watched this movie twice already! — i watched this movie twice. Ive visited Italy four times.
— your speech tonight was terribly boring. (Now in the evening of that day) weve visited so many fascinating places this year. — this year we visited many beautiful places. (the year is not over yet) ive met him a few times this autumn. — ive seen him several times in the fall. (currently still the autumn) If the specified time period has ended, do not hesitate to use the past Simple: I called them in the morning. — i called him in the morning.
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I called him yesterday without much hope, but he answered almost immediately. — yes, finally i got through. Thank you so much for what youve done! — thank you very much for what you have done. You have not changed.
— you have not changed. Ive never thought about. — i never thought about. What have you done? — what have you done? If the sentence proposal given or assumed time of action, we do not use the Present Perfect, and choose the past Simple. (Let me remind you that this time is used to describe actions that have occurred in the past and there and ended known speaker of the facts of the past as well as the actions described in chronological order.) But there is one caveat:.
The receptionist at the office? Have you washed the dishes? Are the dishes clean? — you washed dishes? Have you met him?
do you know him? — have you met him? From the examples it is evident that the action expressed in the Present Perfect, happened in the past, but is the result in real time. For the Present Perfect is not important circumstances in which the action is done, so it is often used to introduce a new subject, summed up the situation and indicate the action time is not known: — have you managed to reach Tom? — you managed to get through to tom? (hereinafter will answer and a description of how it happened, in the past Simple) — yes, i have, eventually.
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Has not he done the work? Use of Present Perfect biography Tense: examples of proposals Now look occurrences Present Perfect Tense with examples of proposals: Present Perfect Tense conveys action, fully completed in the past, but has connection with this result through this action. In this case, it is important to the action itself, not the circumstances in which it is committed: weve bought a new car, so its time to sell the old one. — we bought a new car, so its time to sell the old one. (The car is already purchased, forcing the sale father's of the old thinking, the car we have, we are its masters, that have bought — part of the time). Even easier to understand the function of these examples: Has the secretary come? Is the secretary in the office now? — a secretary came?
In the negative form to add the auxiliary verb to have a particle not: I have not done the work yet. — i have not done the work. He has not done the work yet. — he has not done the work. In abbreviated form the auxiliary verb to have looks like ve, has — like s: ive done the work. Hes done the work. Reduced negative form — have not, has not: I have not done the work.
auxiliary verb to have forward and put it in front of the subject: have you done the work yet? — youve already done the work? Has she done the work yet? — she has already completed work?
(It does not matter where the speaker has broken a hand, it is important that now it is cast.). This is the basic and all-determining function. Present Perfect Tense, and about her and the other features well talk after we study the formation of verb forms in this time. As forms Present Perfect Tense, thus, affirmative, present Perfect is formed using the auxiliary verb to have (for the third person list singular (he, she, it) — has) and the third form of the verb meaning: I have done the work. — ive done the work. We have done the work. — we have completed the work. You have done the work.
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Time, present Perfect — the first complex topic that scares all English best language learners. All times are studied first (Present, simple, past Simple and the, future simple) are more or less clear to our man, as they have a match in the russian language. Present Perfect Tense confuse. One name is worth — present perfect — the first word automatically classifies the action so far, and the second — to the past: Well, how can this be?! In fact, it is in this duality lies the true meaning of time. Present Perfect: it is transmitted by the action done in the past, but is directly related to the present. A simple example: the action is done in the past and the present can be seen the result: I have broken my arm. — i broke my arm.