In these stories, the factual side comes down to very little; from them we can sift out only that, during the whole time relating to the lives of the above-mentioned authors, the miracle took place every year and was a well-known, regularly-occurring event. Description of the miracle itself and of the whole rite is found solely in Ibn-al-Djawsi this is the eyewitness-account reported by al Biruni which will be analyzed below. All the remaining elements of the other reports should be regarded not as legitimate, historical accounts but as legendary stories. In one of them, with complete obviousness, are the telling effects of literary editing and reworking of the plot; this is the story not"d in this article about the conversation of the high-ranking person with the monk concerning the real cause of the miracle. This story may have arisen as an attempt to give meaning to the destruction by al-hakim the mad caliph of the jerusalem church through the literary technique of his possible conversation with someone in his retinue, as presented originally by Ibn-al-Qalanisi and al-Hariri spelling? All the subsequent versions clearly represent reworkings of the storyline and details, where instead of al-hakim is a ruler (in yakut Al-Kasvini) or al-Melik al-muassam (in al-Jawharīs story) or, finally, saladdin himself (in Ibn-al_Djawzi; and instead of someone in his retinue—a monk (in-al-Jawharī a priest. The" from Krachkovsky continues: The second obvious element in these stories is the attempt to explain away the miracle.
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When the evening of the saturday of the light approaches, the monk climbs up to the box paper and puts in it some sulfur similar to a sanbuseka, and under it he puts fire, which is all calculated to the hour when he needs the descent. He rubs the chain with oil from the balsam tree; and when the time comes, the fire lights the composition at the place where the chain and the attached box meet. The balsam oil collects at that point, and begins to flow down the chain, going down to the oil lamp. The fire touches the wick of the lamp, which has already been soaked with Balsam oil, and lights. The skeptics took these excerpts from the work of orientalist specialist in Eastern studies. Krachkovsky (The holy fire according to the story of al-Biruni and other Moslem writers 10-13th./The Christian East. They borrowed these statements"d above, but either did not read the commentary to them of Krachkovsky himself, or else chose to ignore. Krachkovsky writes: In the above-given survey, it is easy to see the main thing distinguishing Moslem stories about the miracle from Christian reports about. The moslem stories are all understandably brief, sometimes coming down to a simple mentioning (al-Djakhiz, ali-al- Kherevi none of them is based on personal observation. The one exception is Ibn-al-Djawzi and its source, al-Biruni, analysis of which we will defer for the time being. The fact that these are transmissions of a third-hand account explains such immediately obvious mistakes, as the date in al-Macudi, or Ibn-al-Qalanisis report of the belief of Christians about the place of the birth and ascension of Jesus Christas supposedly being the same place.
This flame is of a bright light and a resplendent radiance. They cleverly stretch between neighboring oil lamps a taut iron wire as thin as a thread, which runs sequentially from one lamp to another, and they rub it this iron thread with the business oil from the balsam tree, hiding this from view until the oil. When they are praying and the time of the descent of the sacred flame approaches, the doors of the altar are opened where they believe that the cradle of Isa jesus is—peace be upon Him—and believe that from there he also ascended into heaven. They enter and light many candles, and in the building it becomes hot from the breathing of the multitude of people. One of the people standing near tries to bring his candle-flame close to the iron thread, and it the flame catches onto the iron thread and proceeds to each lamp, from one to the other, until all of them are lit. Whoever sees this, thinks that fire has descended from heaven and lit the lamps. Al-Jawharī : And the thing is that this lampada oil lamp is the greatest of tricks, set up by the first generations; I will explain this to you, and reveal the secret: The fact is that at the top of the cupola there. It the chain is attached to the very dome of the cupola, and nobody sees it except for this monk mentioned earlier by al-Jawharī. And on this chain is the box, which is empty inside.
In all systems of law, and even in the everyday use of the word witness, a witness is a person who was personally present at a given event, that is, he saw it with his own eyes, was an eyewitness. Skeptics of the holy fire use as witnesses people who were parts not participants nor present in any way at the described event. So, for example, they use"s by Ibn al-Qalanisi* ( 1162 al-Jawharī* ( 1242 and Mudjir ad-din* (. . The spelling of foreign names, transcribed here from the russian, may not always be accurate. Ibn al-Qalanisi: When they are in the Church of the holy sepulchre on Easter, they hang oil lamps lampadas first in the sanctuary, and use trickery so that fire will travel to them by means of Balsam-tree oil and devices making use of that oil. It works because one of this oils properties is that it catches on fire when it is combined with Jasmine oil.
Skeptics completely neglect the rules and methods—that have taken centuries to develop—that are used to determine the validity of facts and conclusions. What I have in mind here are the fields of logic and its laws, scientific investigation and scholarly research, and the science of jurisprudence and acceptable evidence in court. Logic formulates rules for proof and for the substantiation of assertions and conclusions. For the formulation of any conclusion, the premises should be valid; and conclusions should be drawn only when they correspond to (the philosopher and mathematician) leibnizs law of sufficient reason. In accordance with this law, for any idea to be valid, there should be sufficient grounds sufficient reason; that is, a conclusion should have substantiation or grounds proceeding from propositions and assertions that have already been proven. skeptics not only themselves doubt the validity of the miracle of the holy Flame, they also try to convince the rest of the world that every year, for many centuries, a fraud and deception have been committed. How do they try to prove this? Because the skeptics often make use of the concepts of eye-witness and personal testimony, it is important to turn to the field of Law, or Jurisprudence, as a branch of learning, because centuriesold international legal custom and established legal practices have worked out clear, well-defined.
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Why do some people make the dissemination of best disbelief their profession? Until very recently, in Russia there were still associate-professors and even full professors of scientific atheism. In the charter of the Union of Militant Atheists, the first article was formulated in this way: the Union of Militant Atheists is a voluntary proletarian social organization whose goal is to unite the working masses of the ussr for the active, systematic and unrelenting. But now, there is no construction of socialism. What, in the eyes of contemporary militant skeptics, is being hindered by the Christianity of millions of people?
The reason for their opposition is found in the demonic nature of atheism, and of all adamant disbelief and skepticism, which in appearance manifest themselves in different forms in different epochs but whose underlying demonic nature remains the same. In the times of soviet atheism, the main root of this phenomenon was found in pride, which led to the god-hating replacing of Christianity by the ideology of an earthly paradise; whereas now the fundamental causes of mass atheism are passions and lusts, which the. disbelief proceeds from a life of vice and from vanity (St. John Chrysostom, Archbishop of Constantinople 407 AD). . note : Words are sometimes underlined in this English translation to make clear an emphasis present in the original Russian.— trans. Suspicions and conjecture instead of evidence and reasonable arguments.
During the long history of Christianity, there has never been a single miracle that skeptics and atheists have not tried to disprove. They have used and still use every possible means in this battle. John Chrysostom talked about those the chief priests and Pharisees who denied the miracle of the resurrection, saying, but note, i pray thee, their plotting, how ridiculous. They the chief priests and Pharisees say, sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, after three days I will rise again (Matthew 27:63). Yet if he were a deceiver, and boastfully spoke falsehood, why are ye afraid, and why do ye rush about, and make such a commotion?
They reply, we are afraid that the disciples might steal Him away, and deceive the multitude. And yet it has been proved in the previous paragraph of his homily that this could in no way happen. Malice, however, is a thing obstinate and shameless, and attempts to do what is foolish (The homilies. John Chrysostom on the gospel. For the two thousand years that unbelievers have been fighting with Christianity, they have never lost their obstinacy. One might pose the question: why do some people, instead of doing something positive, waste so much time and energy trying to disprove facts and causes that they do not believe in and that they have no personal relationship with? Why is it so important for them to destroy someone elses faith?
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The findings will sound paper alarm bells for brand owners concerned about the creep of plain packaging into other industries. Counterfeiting trends across the globe: an infographic we take a look at the world Customs Organisations (WCO) second Illicit Trade report, which revealed that nike and Apple are the world's most counterfeited brands, and offer a big-picture look at counterfeiting trends across the globe. Commissioner of Trademarks under fire as oig criticises uspto hiring practices investigation by the Office of the Inspector General has accused the usptos Commissioner of Trademarks of improperly using her position to facilitate the hiring of a family members fiancé, while criticising wider hiring practices. Meanwhile the search for a permanent successor to david Kappos, previous director of the uspto, continues to stutter. Page 1 of 115 ;. Why do atheists and skeptics want to destroy faith? The holy Edicule after the descent of the holy fire.
How brands are preparing to avoid. Fail in the expanded gtld space The sunrises for the. Wtf gTLDs close in just over a week. The two are prime strings for the creation of gripe sites, so are brands proactively securing their trademark terms, either for marketing purposes or to keep them out of the hands of others? As new gtld registrations break the.5 million mark, scammers get in on the act, domain registrations in the expanded gtld space have busted through the.5 million mark, with 1,547,820 domains registered at time of writing. For those wrestling with the impact of the online expansion on their brand spend, a new headache has been identified solicitation scams targeting registrants. Research highlights unspoken challenge of counterfeit merchandise, considering what has been described as resumes the unspoken challenge of the music industry and other entertainment sectors, one commentator has called for more to be done to help consumers differentiate between official and unofficial goods after research suggested. The impact of plain packaging on brand experience (and loyalty) is revealed ew research has revealed that, following the introduction of plain packaging legislation in Australia, long-term smokers are increasingly unable to differentiate between the taste of cigarettes, effectively negating the brand loyalty that has.
wholly positive, but building consumer take-up is likely to be a long-term game. How the 3D printing community can help trademark owners protect their rights, the launch of a new 3D content search engine has brought easy consumer access to 3D print designs a step closer. The technology could also bring infringing designs to a wider audience, but the ceo behind the site has told World Trademark review that the search engine could play an important role in cleaning up online marketplaces. Trademarking a tragedy: the need to defend against rogue trademarks of tragic events The entire world was in a state of shock, disbelief and sadness last Thursday at the news that Malaysia airlines flight MH17 had been shot out of the sky over war torn. Some individuals, though, saw the tragedy as something else entirely: an opportunity to register trademarks. Social media marketers need regular trademark training, a lot of talk about online trademark protection is of brands protecting themselves from infringement, but the changing nature of brands engaging with consumers on social media requires marketing staff to take regular ip training to avoid any. Proposed amendment to russian trademark law receives mixed response, russias Federation council on Intellectual Property is proposing an amendment to russian trademark law that would stop naturalistic images of products and descriptive trademarks as the basis for distinctiveness. Wtr discovers a very mixed response to the proposed changes.
However, there are some caveats to consider. Assumptions in recent trademark studies slammed, new research has challenged the assumptions used in recent studies evidencing the positive economic impact of intellectual property. The paper is specifically critical of us research projects that it claims make a substantial leap from the fact that ip exists within a particular industry to the conclusion that job creation and employment in that industry hinge on strong ip protections. Holograms in 2014: A mixed response on the future of holography, with new innovations emerging in anti-counterfeiting and authentication, especially surrounding security methods being developed to combat the counterfeit threat of 3D printing, a natural question to ask is where this leaves the humble hologram. We talk to commentators about the future of holography. We're taking a summer break but first an update on our Star Wars story rocketing up the top 10 summary like the millennium Falcon jumping into hyperspace, yesterdays blog on the uk passport Offices decision to reject a passport application because the applicant's signature, which reads. Wtr daily is about to wind down for its summer break, but before we go, here are the top 10 news stories for July and an update from the us state department on whether it would have taken the same approach as the uk office. The force is with famous trademarks in dispute over name change (updated) (This article has been updated the new information is italicised at the end of the article) The decision by the uk's Passport Office to reject a passport application because the applicant's signature, which.
The, story of an, hour, analysis
World Trademark review, page 1 of 115, p is for policing, but are dictionaries high enough on your agenda? The fear of genericism is palpable for many brand owners, especially in a new digital age where language is constantly evolving and brands become more entwined in the social conversation. Wtr looks at one strategy to combat genericism that is often overlooked: the policing of dictionaries. Delving into the darknet: an infographic 02 September proposal 2014, in the latest issue of World Trademark review we have plunged into the internets murky depths with a feature looking at the anonymous section of the web known as the darknet. With illicit activity growing at a rapid pace, we argue that trademark counsel should consider policing this environment sooner rather than later. President Obama nominates new ip czar, drags heels on uspto appointment 01 September 2014, last week president Obama unveiled his intent to nominate a number of individuals to key administration posts, one such being for the role of intellectual property enforcement coordinator (ipac). While a positive move for the ip community, the directors chair at the uspto remains vacant, having been overlooked in this latest round of nominations. Study reveals new gtld usage patterns - but treat figures with caution New research from Verisign has revealed that only 3 of the second-level domains registered in new gTLDs contain business websites, with pay-per-click usage dwarfing that level.