Their roots are long and strong, going deep under the ground, indicating that they have lived in the area for a long time, for centuries. As I look up, i notice first their leaves. Although they are green, they have a tinge of gold reflected in the sun making them bright and radiating their light around the forest. Looking down the tree, in the day of the forest, i can see a faint glow. I see that the colour of their thick, soft trunks is different from the common tree. They are silver, reminding me of the winter cold.
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The decline is relentless. We green suspect it could change the very character of the planet and of the enterprise within a few years unless we make some choices. Home, forest Resources, title description author Name author Email. File, drop files here or, captcha, comments. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged). Length: 674 words (1.9 double-spaced pages rating: good Essays, essay preview. A magical Forest, the sun is high above me and I walk into the forest in front of me, which I hear calling. I hear birds chirping and twittering, singing a song. This makes me wonder about birds and where their songs come from. How ancient the song i am hearing really. As I take a step into the forest, i notice at first the trees, stretching high above the ground, as if in competition with one another, to see who will reach the sky first.
Fifty six countries have lost between 90 and 100 per cent of their forests. Over the last two decades of the twentieth century, 15 million hectares of forest were lost annually, largely in the tropics. About 14 million hectares of tropical forests have been lost each year since 1980 due to conversion into cropland. Forest decline threatens the genetic paper diversity of the worlds plant and animals. About.5 per cent of the worlds plant species, and about 75 per cent of the worlds mammal species, are threatened by forest decline. In developing countries alone, some us 45 billion per year is lost through poor forest management. In Europe, forests are declining due to drought, heat, pests, and air pollution. The number of completely healthy trees in European forests fell from 69 per cent in 1988 to 39 per cent in 1995.
The natural forests maintain soil fertility by returning the nutrients to the soil. In addition, these act as suitable best habitat for varieties supermarket of wild life which are essential for maintaining ecological balance. Some other benefits of forests are checking of air pollution, attracting rainfall, preventing soil erosion, contributing substantially to the socio-economic development of the society or country etc. As per the national forest policy, there should be 33 of land under forest. But the present statistics suggests the there is only 12 of land in the form of forests. In its 1999 report, wcfsd came to the following conclusions about the state of the worlds forests:. The worlds remaining forested areas amounted to about.6 billion hectares in 1999, down from about 6 billion hectares 8000 years ago.
The problems in temperate forests are not so much the decrease in overall forest area, but the substantial change in the types of forests and their ecological diversity and stability. Commercial forestry is the main cause of deforestation in temperate forests. In very broad terms, the total area of forest in Europe, the ussr and North America is likely to decrease only slightly in the medium future, but the proportion of forest existing as plantation is liable to rise sharply (Dudley 66). This however is going to lead to an increase in conflict between the recreational and conservation interests and will also tend to make. Here is your essay on Forest! A forest is a natural ecosystem having multispecies and multivariate trees (predominantly woody vegetation) as dominant community, covering an extensive area of land. It constitutes the largest, complex and most important resources and remains almost in a fixed and self regulated condition over a long time. Advertisements: It supplies the civilized society fuel, timber, paper pulp, raw material for synthetic fibre etc. It regulates the earths temperature regime, hydrologic cycle, control of flood and soil erosion and helps the balance of the carbon dioxide and oxygen in atmosphere.
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Forests provide us with many products and services from helping maintain erosion to providing jobs for our citizens. Humanity depends on the survival of a healthy ecosystem and deforestation is causing many social, economic and ecological problems. One ecological problem is Global warming witch is caused when carbon is released into the air after the burning of forests. Governments and industries must become more aware of these consequences of their activities and change accordingly. They need to cooperate with forest show more content, yes humankind is the cause of deforestation, however us humans are also capable of having a positive effect on this crisis.
Tropical forests cover about 10 per cent of the worlds dry land surface, mostly located in south America and Asia (Dudley 6). In the tropical forests of the world, deforestation is occurring for agriculture and livestock pastures. The main cause is the unequal distribution of land (Anderson). Temperate forests are found in land areas that are warm enough and low enough to support trees but not so hot to be tropical. They are found in North online America, europe and cooler parts of Australia (Dudley 4).
Trees are tall and thick in the rain forest and they grow so close together that they seem to form a big umbrella of greenery called a canopy. This blocks out most of the sunlight. The air is muggy as it filters through the dense canopy cover of the trees. The light that filters through this tree cover is dim and green. Only along river banks and in places that have been cleared does enough sunlight allow plants to grow on the forest ground.
Millions of species of plants and animals live in the world's tropical forests. Life in the rain forest exists at different levels or layers in the trees. Each layer has a name, such as 'emergent 'canopy 'understory and 'forest floor. Animal life is found on all levels. first1 missing last1 in Authors list ( help ) In a deciduous forest there are alway places where the sunlight reaches the ground. Show More, can you picture our earth without forests? Many of us cant. Forests cover approximately one fifth of the worlds land surface and play an important role in our everyday lives (Dudley 4).
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Some of the other animals just slow down their metabolism and eat food they stored during the summer and fall months. The trees in winter book are bare, but with the coming of spring, leaves sprout, birds return, animals are born, and all the forest general animals get busy with their lives. Animals that we may see or hear in this biome include bears, deer, raccoons, otters, beavers, foxes, frogs, squirrels, snakes, salamanders, and birds such as woodpeckers, robins, owls, blue jays and the small birds usually called tits. Some deciduous forests grow in tropical places that do not have a winter but do have a wet season and a dry season. Rainforests change change source see also: peat swamp forest Tropical rainforests grow in south America, the congo, indonesia and some nearby countries, hawaii, and eastern Australia. Tropical rainforests are aptly named, as it rains here on about half the days. The only season in a tropical rain forest is summer, so plants grow for all 12 months of the year.
Summers are warm and are winters are cold, but not as cold as the northern coniferous forests. In the winter, snow covers the ground and the deciduous trees and plants lose their leaves. The decaying leaves help make the soil rich in nutrients. Many insects, spiders, snails, and worms make their homes in this rich soil. Wild flowers and ferns grow almost everywhere in the spring. New leaves capture the energy of the sun and sprout before the tall trees shadow them. 2 During the winter, many birds migrate to warmer climate. Many small animals hibernate or aestivate, in other words, slow down their metabolism and sleep or stay in their burrows.
in coniferous forests is not very fertile. Also, only those trees that have adapted to cold weather and poor soil have been able to survive. These trees have flexible branches that support heavy snowfalls. Less water evaporates from their leaves because of the shape of their needles. 1 Many coniferous trees shade large parts of the soil below them, which keeps many plants from growing on the forest ground. Some animals that live in the coniferous forests are pine martens, deer, bears, caribou, moose, lynxes, beavers, and birds such as grey owls, crossbills, and warblers. Deciduous forests change change source deciduous forests mostly grow in the temperate zone of North America, europe and Asia. They have a moderate climate during the spring, summer, autumn (fall) and winter, with rainfall of at least 500mm a year.
In cold climates conifers dominate, but in temperate and tropical climates forests are mainly made up of flowering plants. Different rainfall also makes different kinds of forest. No forests exist in deserts, just a few trees in places where their roots can get at some general underground water. The three major forest biomes are coniferous forests, deciduous forests, and tropical rain forests. Coniferous forests change change source evergreen coniferous forests stretch across Canada, alaska, northern Asia, and Northern Europe. They are composed of conifers which produce seeds in cones. The weather during the winter is cold, but the snow melts completely in the spring, turning some parts of the forest into swamps. There are only eight types of trees in the coniferous forests, including balsams, firs.
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For other uses, see, forest (disambiguation). Even, dense old-growth beech trees fagus sylvatica ) will be regenerated by their saplings business in the understory. Brussels part of the sonian Forest, parambikulam Forest, kerala, india, a forest is a piece of land with many trees. Many animals need forests to live and survive. Forests are very important and grow in many places around the world. They are an ecosystem which includes many plants and animals. Temperature and rainfall are the two most important things for forests. Many places are too cold or too dry for them. Forests can exist from the equator to near the polar regions, but different climate s have different kinds of forests.