Most Caribbean countries who wanted independence had 100 years or more of colonialism post-slavery. They achieved independence in a safe post World War ii environment, with intact political structures, with well-educated elites and with strong economic ties. Haiti went straight from plantation to independence, more than 100 years before anyone else, when black slave rebellion was the western worlds greatest nightmare. The country had few economic ties, no infrastructure and no education. France still viewed haiti as a colony in rebellion well into the 19th century, only recognizing independence when haitians agreed to pay 150 million francs in property restitution, for themselves. Stability is required to build and maintain infrastructure (see dark Ages in Western Europe). Haiti began with societal destruction and a power vacuum, and has still been struggling to attain.
A, modest, proposal - wikipedia
Enlightened westerners whisked them away from their villages, provided them a one-way passage across the Atlantic chained to the bowels of favourite a ship, and sold them into lifelong toil. After earning their freedom, that was dissent their home. They had been there for hundreds of years. Even assuming they had the means and perfect knowledge, there was no definite homeland in Africa. It was also 1804. Every other place in the western world had slavery and the slave trade. Shirley harps on haitis poverty and poor infrastructure blaming them for the disasters aftermath. First of all, kudos on developing the poorest country in the western Hemisphere. Your commitment to human rights, infrastructure, and birth control should be applauded. Haiti is the poorest country in the western Hemisphere, primarily because it had the poorest starting point.
And B) provide for their own aid, in the event of such a catastrophe. He blames the haitians for living in haiti. If forced to do so through logic-colored glasses, no one would look at haiti and think, you know what? It was a great idea to put 10 million people on half of an island. The place is routinely battered by the hurricanes (in 2008, 900 million was lost/spent on recovery from them it holds the aforementioned title of poorest nation in the western hemisphere, and it happens to sit on a tectonic fault line. Shirley, look at the skin color of 95 percent of the haitian population. They werent given logic-colored glasses. They werent given a choice.
Responsible historicism blends the business two. Using history as his guide, shirley attributes so much pdf to agency it defies logic. He blames the haitians themselves for the disaster. Before the reader reaches for his or her blood pressure medication, he should allow me to explain. I dont mean in any way that the haitians deserved their collective fate. And i understand that it is difficult to plan for the aftermath of an earthquake. However, it is not outside the realm of imagination to think that the citizens of a country might be able to: A) avoid putting themselves into a situation that might result in such catastrophic loss of life. .
I profess in the sincerity of my heart that I have not the least personal interest in endeavoring to promote this necessary work, having no other motive than the public good of my country, by advancing our trade, providing for infants, relieving the poor, and. I have no children, by which I can propose to get a single penny; the youngest being nine years old, and my wife past child-bearing. Espn cut ties with nba player turned author paul Shirley after an inflammatory column that criticized relief efforts in haiti. Those of a certain bent will frame this politically and make him a martyr, but its not a case of valid viewpoint discrimination. Shirleys words were inexplicably ignorant. Historical issues can be explained two basic ways, structure and agency. Structural explanations focus on environmental factors, while agency-centric explanations focus on the individuals involved.
A, modest, proposal, jonathan, swift, audiobook
Master of the bitterest satiric pen in English). I t is a melancholy object to those, who walk through this great town, or travel in the country, when they see the streets, the roads, and cabin-doors, crowded with beggars of the female sex, followed by three, four or six children, all in rags. These mothers instead of being able to work for their honest livelihood, are forced to employ all their time in strolling, to beg sustenance for their helpless infants, who, as they grow up, either turn thieves for want of work, or leave their dear Native. 1, i think it is agreed by all parties, that this prodigious number review of children, in the arms, or on the backs, or at the heels of their mothers, and frequently of their fathers, is in the present deplorable state of the kingdom, a very. 2, but my intention is very far from being confined to provide only for the children of professed beggars, it is of much greater extent, and shall take in the whole numbers of infants at a certain age, who are born of parents in effect. 3, there is another great advantage in my scheme, that it will prevent those voluntary abortions, and that horrid practice of women murdering their bastard children, alas, too teenagers frequent among us, sacrificing the poor innocent babes, i doubt, more to avoid the expense, than the. 4, i have been assured by a very knowing American of my acquaintance in London that a young healthy child well nursed is at a year old a most delicious, nourishing, and wholesome food, whether stewed, roasted, baked, or boiled; and I make no doubt.
5, i do therefore humbly offer it to public consideration, that of the hundred and twenty thousand children, already computed, twenty thousand may be reserved for breed, whereof only one fourth part to be males, which is more than we allow to sheep, black-cattle,. That the remaining hundred thousand may at a year old be offered in sale to the persons of quality, and fortune, through the kingdom, always advising the mother to let them suck plentifully in the last month, so as to render them plump, and fat. 6, i am not so violently bent upon my own opinion, as to reject any offer, proposed by wise men, which shall be found equally innocent, cheap, easy, and effectual. But before something of that kind shall be advanced in contradiction to my scheme, and offering a better, i desire the author, or authors will be pleased maturely to consider two points. First, as things now stand, how they will be able to find food and raiment for an hundred thousand useless mouths and backs. And secondly, there being a round million of creatures in human figure, throughout this kingdom, whose whole subsistence put into a common stock, would leave them in debt two millions of pounds sterling, adding those, who are beggars by profession, to the bulk of farmers. I desire those politicians, who dislike my overture, and may perhaps be so bold to attempt an answer, that they will first ask the parents of these mortals, whether they would not at this day think it a great happiness to have been sold for.
There are many pieces of symbolism located throughout the play, but the one that I believe to be most important is when Rodlpho dances with Catherine, symbolizing him taking Catherine from Eddie. Overall I would say that this play was average at best. The events in characters in this play were just a little too convenient for. I have read some of Miller s other plays such as The Crucible and death of a salesman; I believe this play to be below those standards. However i also saw those plays on the stage, perhaps if I saw a view from the Bridge on stage, i would get a different perspective.
Select searchWorld Factbookroget's Int'l ThesaurusBartlett's"tionsRespectfully"dFowler's King's EnglishStrunk's StyleMencken's LanguageCambridge historyThe king James BibleOxford ShakespeareGray's AnatomyFarmer's cookbookpost's EtiquetteBrewer's Phrase fableBulfinch's MythologyFrazer's Golden boughAll VerseAnthologiesDickinson,. Hopkins, ats, wrence, sters, ndburg, ssoon,. Wordsworth, ats, l NonfictionHarvard ClassicsAmerican EssaysEinstein's RelativityGrant, osevelt,. Wells's HistoryPresidential InauguralsAll FictionShelf of FictionGhost StoriesShort StoriesShaw, ein, evenson,. Nonfiction upton Sinclair,. the Cry for Justice, contents, bibliographic record, upton Sinclair,. The Cry for Justice: An Anthology of the literature of Social Protest. A modest Proposal (. From a modest Proposal for Preventing the Children of poor people from being a burthen to their Parents or country, and for making them Beneficial to the public by jonathan Swift (English man of letters, 16671745; dean.
Swift : a, modest, proposal
The climax of the second act, and the main climax of the play comes when Marco confronts Eddie, and Eddie is fatally stabbed by marco with his own knife. The way that Miller sets this up with two climaxes is done very well, and is one of the high-points of this entire work. One thing that I noticed throughout this entire play is Miller s use of symbolism. There are many spots in this play that have symbolism in them. The most obvious shredder of course is Eddie getting killed by marco with the knife still in his hands. This is undoubtedly a symbol of his own self-destruction. Another piece of symbolism located in the text is when Marco holds the chair over Eddie s head; this symbolizes the destruction that Eddie will bring on himself later in the play.
Having only two acts, the structure of this play is quite simple. In the first act Eddie tries to prevent Catherine and Rodolpho from falling in love. In the second act Eddie finds that he has failed at this, and thinks his best course of action would to call the ins and report Marco and Rodolpho. This is the action that ultimately set in course the final set of events. This play is one of simple format, and that allows you to follow along very easily the events within the play. I believe that this play has not one but two climaxes, one for each act. In the first act the climax comes when Eddie decides to teach Rodolpho how to box, and he beats him up a little, then Marco picks the chair up over Eddie s head and holds it and like a weapon, but gives him smile, this event.
Miller was pushing a little too much when creating this character. Marco had no significant action in the play until the end. The marco character is likeable to a point. I liked the way that he carried himself throughout the play, until he accuses Eddie of killing his children. He was being a little too dramatic f or my tastes, also he really had no proof that Eddie had turned them. This incident makes me dislike him some, but he was working for his family, which made him easier to like than Rodolpho. Overall I had generally bad feelings towards most of the characters in this play, that contributed to me not liking it all that much.
I really saw no point to his behavior, if Miller had given us more of a reason as to why he had such strong feelings toward Catherine then at least we could have learned what made him tick, but as it is I can not. I see no purpose for Alfieri; I think that this play could go on just fine without him. I do see the need for a narrator, but I don t think that Alfieri should have been included in the play itself, i believe remote this cheapens his position as the narrator. Beatrice and Catherine are two characters that I did not like all that much. I saw no practical purpose for beatrice in this play, she had no effect on this play at all. I would have liked the beatrice character a little more had she had more of an impact in the play. The catherine character was likeable but I believe that she is a big reason why Eddie self-destructs. The way that Rodolpho acted made me not care about his fate. I do believe that Eddie was at least part right when he said that Marco was just looking to get married to become a citizen.
Jonathan, swift, a, modest, proposal, satire Essay
View From The Bridge Critique essay, research Paper. Arthur Miller s a view from the Bridge is a modern tragedy set in 1950 s Brooklyn about a man s obsession with his niece, and what that plan obsession ultimately brings about. Eddie carbone, the protagonist of the play also happens to be the antagonist, because he ultimately is fighting against himself with his desires for his niece. I believe that this play was very predictable from the start; this is why i really did not enjoy it all that much. A view from the Bridge had some interesting parts but to me it was really boring and just didn t go anywhere. To me this play did not go anywhere because i did care for any of the characters. The way that Arthur Miller wrote this play makes it hard for you to care about any of the characters; therefore i also do not care what happens to them. There is Eddie, who comes of as arrogant to me; he is the one that I disliked the most.