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West, point : gpa, sat scores and act scores
After it was formed in 1958, metro - the municipality of thesis Metropolitan seattle - planned a author 125-million-gallon-per-day plant at West point to provide primary treatment. Primary treatment removes about half the solids from sewage and then chlorinates the discharge to kill harmful organisms. At the time, this was the standard method of wastewater treatment for a city like seattle. Work on the west point plant began in 1962 and it cost.9 million. Additional trunk lines were built. In 1970, seattle's old diagonal avenue treatment plant was closed and the Elliott bay interceptor sewer was completed. Sewage flowed to west point. Dissolved oxygen levels in the duwamish river and in Elliott bay (an indicator of how much oxygen in the water is available for aquatic life) rose from three-tenths of a milligram per liter to more than four milligrams per liter. By 1995, the dissolved oxygen levels climbed to eight milligrams per liter. Sources: Bob Lane, better Than Promised: An Informal History of the municipality of Metropolitan seattle, (Seattle: Metro, 1995).
West point is a point of land that extends into puget sound from Fort Lawton and Discovery park. In 1913, seattle city Engineer Reginald. Thomson (1856-1949) completed a mammoth brick biography sewer, 12 feet in diameter, that ran across the north end of seattle to a beach at Fort Lawton. A pipe carried the effluent to a point about 25 feet underwater. Raw sewage from homes and businesses was discharged into the salt water where, it was believed at the time, nature would take care. A fan-shaped plume could easily be seen from the air and the beach at West point became coated with a black slime. Nearby beaches were often closed because of bacterial contamination. By the mid 1950s, 40 million gallons per day flowed into the sound.
john Earl year haynes; Harvey klehr (August 16, 2013). "Was Harry hopkins a soviet Spy?". a b Harvey klehr (January 2014). "American Betrayal, an exchange: Harvey klehr john Earl haynes". Vladimir bukovsky; pavel Stroilov (September 28, 2013). "Why Academics Hate diana west". breitbart News - rebuttal Part One breitbart News - rebuttal Part Two breitbart News - rebuttal Part Three px External links edit. On July 20, 1966, metro's West point wastewater treatment plant is dedicated and begins treating sewage, which since 1912 had been dumped into puget sound. By 1970, the plant will handle sewage that had been dumped into the duwamish river and Elliott bay, making seattle's waterfront, "One of the cleanest in the world" (Lane).
Csongos (June 19, 2013). "book review: 'American Betrayal. nicholas Goldberg (August 8, 2013). "Why scholars are challenging Howard Zinn and diana west". "Diana west's Junk history". jonathan Chait (August 8, 2013). "Conservative historian Has Interesting Ideas".
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Stanton evans book that comes to the defense of Senator Joseph McCarthy and cites the "groundbreaking scholarship of John Earl haynes and Harvey klehr" to back up evans' claims. 5 Klehr responds that Andrew McCarthy is mistaken about the senator who was "correct about the larger issue of soviet infiltration of the government but reckless errors and unsubstantiated charges." Klehr argues that West's reckless and sloppy research has led to "serious historical interpretive errors.". According to haynes and Klehr, American Betrayal makes serious interpretative errors. If you are wondering who sets the standard of interpretation, who deems what is in alignment or out, what is "incorrect" or correct, so." 23 As noted above, however, haynes and Klehr do claim West made serious historical errors, marketing the most egregious being. Bibliography edit The death of the Grownup: How America's Arrested development Is Bringing Down Western civilization / diana west (St. Martin's Griffin, 2007) isbn cs1 maint: Multiple names: authors list ( link ) American Betrayal: The secret Assault on Our Nation's Character / diana west (St.
Martin's Press, 2013) isbn the rebuttal: Defending 'American Betrayal' from the book-burners /Diana west (Bravura books, 2013) isbn references edit "Conservative columnist diana west". Retrieved January 19, 2014. a b report "American Betrayal: The secret Assault on Our Nation's Character". a b Frank. "Willful blindness, mortal peril: Fantasizing that enemies are friends is a dangerous pastime". a b Andrew.
13 John Earl haynes and Harvey klehr, scholars of soviet espionage, came to the defense of Radosh. They wrote an article in FrontPage magazine disputing a crucial contention that roosevelt's right-hand man, harry hopkins, may well have been a soviet spy. 14 15 Vladimir bukovsky, a soviet dissident forcefully rejected Radosh's criticisms of West's book, condemned the attempt to portray west as a deluded and historically inept conspiracy-monger, and supported her conclusions about the infiltration of the roosevelt government by Stalinist agents and fellow-travelers. Stanton evans, author of Blacklisted by history: The Untold Story of Sen. Joe mcCarthy and His Fight Against America's Enemies, and co-author most recently with the late herbert Romerstein of Stalins' secret Agents: The subversion of roosevelt's government, also wrote in support of West. On September 13, 2013, evans wrote an essay called "In Defense of diana west".
17 In it, evans strongly backs American Betrayal and specifically west's contested metaphor that Washington was, in effect, "occupied" due to the influence on policy-making and us actions by hundreds of agents working on Moscow's behalf inside the federal government and related institutions, some. Evans writes: "by using the 'occupied' image,. West is of course not saying soviet tanks were patrolling the streets of Washington, or that Red martial law was imposed on its cowering citizens. What she is arguing instead is that soviet agents, communists and fellow travelers held official posts, or served at chokepoints of intelligence data, and from these positions were able to exert pro-soviet leverage. And other allied policy. Though ignored in many conventional histories, the evidence to support this view is overwhelming." Responding to her detractors' many charges, west published a rebuttal of 22,000 words at Breitbart News in three parts. In October 2013, west published the complete rebuttal along with selected commentary generated by the controversy in The rebuttal: saving American Betrayal from the book-burners. 21 On november 27, 2013, bukovsky and Stroilov published their second essay in defense of West called "West's 'American Betrayal' will make history." 22 Andrew. McCarthy also came to west's defense in a review-essay in The new Criterion, where he writes West relies.
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Like radosh., Black believes West grossly exaggerates soviet influence in the roosevelt Administration, whose policies were driven by the extreme social and economic crisis America was going through during the depression. Moreover, like radosh, Black believes the alliance with the soviet Union in the second World War, while driven by realpolitik, was a dire necessity to prevent the victory of shredder nazi germany which had already conquered France and was threatening Britain, and finds West's dismissal. All these authors also point out that for the first two years of World War 2 during the period of the Stalin-Hitler Pact, widely considered odious among liberals, the policy of the fdr administration was at loggerheads with that of the soviets in aiding Britain. West, according to nicholas Goldberg, "believes she has exposed 'the communist-agent-occupation of the. Government' during the roosevelt and Truman eras." he describes West as the conservative counterpart to howard Zinn in terms of faulty scholarship and exaggerated narratives. Ronald Radosh, "a well-known conservative scholar has criticized West's methodology and her conclusions in his FrontPage magazine article. Totten also praises Radosh's "masterful takedown." 12 Jonathan Chait says that West's "thesis that American foreign policy under presidents roosevelt, Truman, and Eisenhower was secretly controlled by the soviet Union" has found supporters at the heritage foundation and the American Spectator.
West argues that the impact of this 'deep occupation' did not simply fall away with the collapse of the soviet Union. It lives today in our embrace of the communists' false historical narrative, exemplified in our 'denial of the soviet regime-engineered Famine in the ukraine. A seminal moment in the history of the world. The seminal moment, perhaps, of the twentieth century.' It lives also in our weakened resistance to their ideology. 'Americans are essay not equipped west notes, 'not prepared, to regard anything resembling Communism. As an existential threat to liberty.' Instead, we still romanticize moscow's agents as 'idealists' and 'are continually conditioned to embrace communistic principles, all serving to expand the power and authority of the state over the individual. 7 Frontpage editor david Horowitz later wrote that he decided to remove the positive review of West's book from the Frontpage website on the recommendation of historian Ronald Radosh. 8 On August 7, 2014, radosh published what he called his "take-down" 9 of American Betrayal at Frontpage, "McCarthy on Steroids." 10 This essay of roughly 7,000 words launched a long series of posts by radosh, horowitz and others based on Radosh's charges. In a similar vein, former Canadian newspaper publisher and fdr biographer Conrad Black published a critique of American Betrayal in the conservative journal National review in late 2013, to which West responded and Black then rejoinded.
and policy elites actively helped obscure the true nature of the soviet Union." 4 West contends that there is a parallel with the failure to face the dangers of communism in the 1930s and. 4 5 Frank. Csongos argues that West is right "up to a point." he notes that West rejects the standard narrative that Franklin roosevelt, like george. Bush, took drastic steps to "save capitalism." Unlike west, he believes that roosevelt was merely naive when trusting Stalin. 6 a kirkus review finds that she has a number of valid points but ends with the warning: "A frustrating mixture of incontrovertible facts and dubious speculation. Proceed with caution." 3 West's book was praised by historian Amity Shlaes, author. Stanton evans, fox commentator Monica Crowley and a host of conservative blogs and websites, including Frontpage magazine, whose reviewer Mark tapson wrote on July 8, 2014: "With her characteristic fierce passion, west argues in her new book that the communist infiltration led to a successful.
West has been a columnist for. Scripps Howard News presentation Service and, united Media. 2, as a former, cNN contributor, west frequently appeared on cnn's. Citation needed, she is a graduate of, yale University. American Betrayal edit, on may 28, 2013,. Martin's Press published West's second book, american Betrayal: The secret Assault on Our Nation's Character. West argues that after the fall of the soviet Union, historians failed to sufficiently "adjust the historical record" to account for newly available soviet files and archives. West writes on the extent of soviet influence during the roosevelt and Truman Presidencies.
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For the expert on breastfeeding issues, see. Diana west (lactation consultant). Diana west (born november 8, 1961, hollywood, california ) is a nationally syndicated conservative american columnist and author. 1, she writes a weekly column which frequently deals with controversial subjects such. Islam and is syndicated by Universal u-click and appears in about 120 newspapers and news sites. She is the author of the books. The death of the Grown Up: How America's Arrested development Is Bringing Down Western shredder civilization. Martin's Press, 2007) and, american Betrayal: The secret Assault on Our Nation's Character (St.