Schmidt was a good foil. A late-fiftysomething, squint-eyed behind owlish spectacles, managerially dressed—Schmidts dour appearance concealed a machinelike analyticity. His questions often skipped to the heart of the matter, betraying a powerful nonverbal structural intelligence. It was the same intellect that had abstracted software-engineering principles to scale google into a megacorp, ensuring that the corporate infrastructure always met the rate of growth. This was a person who understood how to build and maintain systems: systems of information and systems of people. My world was new to him, but it was also a world of unfolding human processes, scale and information flows. For a man of systematic intelligence, schmidts politics—such as I could hear from our discussion—were surprisingly conventional, even banal.
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They sat with me and we exchanged pleasantries. They said they had forgotten their Dictaphone, so we used tom mine. We made an agreement that I would forward them the recording and in exchange they would forward me the transcript, to be corrected for accuracy and clarity. Schmidt plunged in at the deep end, straightaway quizzing me on the organizational and technological underpinnings of wikileaks. some time later Jared Cohen arrived. With him was Scott Malcomson, introduced as the books editor. Three months after essay the meeting Malcomson would enter the State department as the lead speechwriter and principal advisor to susan Rice (then. Ambassador to the United Nations, now national security advisor). At this point, the delegation was one part google, three parts. Foreign-policy establishment, but I was still none the wiser. Handshakes out of the way, we got down to business.
That summer wikileaks was still grinding through the release. Diplomatic cables, publishing thousands of them every week. When, seven months earlier, we had first started releasing the cables, hillary Clinton had denounced the publication as an attack on the international community that would tear at london the fabric of government. It was into this ferment that google projected itself that June, touching down at a london airport and making the long drive up into east Anglia to norfolk and Beccles. Schmidt arrived first, accompanied by his then partner, lisa Shields. When he introduced her as a vice president of the council on Foreign Relations—a. Foreign-policy think tank with close ties to the State department—I thought little more. Shields herself was straight out of Camelot, having been spotted by john Kennedy. S side back in the early 1990s.
His documented love affair with google began the same year when he befriended Eric Schmidt as they together surveyed the post-occupation wreckage of Baghdad. Just months later, Schmidt re-created Cohens natural habitat within google itself by engineering a think/do tank based in New York and appointing Cohen as its head. Google Ideas was born. Later that year two co-wrote a policy piece for the council on Foreign Relations journal Foreign Affairs, praising the reformative potential of Silicon Valley technologies as an instrument. Describing what they called coalitions of the connected, Schmidt and Cohen claimed that: Democratic states that have built coalitions of their militaries have the capacity to do the same with their connection technologies. They offer a new way diary to exercise the duty to protect citizens around the world emphasis added. Schmidt and Cohen said they wanted to interview. A date was set for June. Executive chairman of google Eric Schmidt and Jared Cohen, director of google Ideas Olivia harris/Reuters * * by the time june came around there was already a lot to talk about.
In fact, cohen had moved to google from the. State department in 2010. He had been a fast-talking Generation y ideas man at State under two. Administrations, a courtier from the world of policy think tanks and institutes, poached in his early twenties. He became a senior advisor for Secretaries of State rice and Clinton. At State, on the policy Planning Staff, cohen was soon christened Condis party-starter, channeling buzzwords from Silicon Valley into. Policy circles and producing delightful rhetorical concoctions such as Public Diplomacy.0. On his council on Foreign Relations adjunct staff page he listed his expertise as terrorism; radicalization; impact of connection technologies on 21st century statecraft; Iran. It was Cohen who, while he was still at the department of State, was said to have emailed Twitter ceo jack dorsey to delay scheduled maintenance in order to assist the aborted 2009 uprising in Iran.
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But when my colleague joseph Farrell told me the executive chairman of google wanted to make an appointment with me, i was listening. In some ways the higher echelons of google seemed more distant and obscure to me than the halls of Washington. We had been letter locking horns with senior. Officials for years by that point. The mystique had worn off. But the power centers growing up in Silicon Valley were still opaque and I was suddenly conscious of an opportunity to understand and influence what was becoming the most influential company on earth.
Schmidt had taken over as ceo of google in 2001 and built it into an empire. Keep up with this story and more by subscribing now. I was intrigued that the mountain would come to muhammad. But it was not until well after Schmidt and his companions had been and gone that I came to understand who had really visited. The stated reason for the visit was a book. Schmidt was penning a treatise with Jared Cohen, the director of google Ideas, an outfit that describes itself as googles in-house think/do tank. I knew little else about Cohen at the time.
For several hours the besieged leader of the worlds most famous insurgent publishing organization and the billionaire head of the worlds largest information empire locked horns. The two men debated the political problems faced by society, and the technological solutions engendered by the global network—from the Arab Spring to bitcoin. They outlined radically opposing perspectives: for Assange, the liberating power of the Internet is based on its freedom and statelessness. For Schmidt, emancipation is at one with. Foreign policy objectives and is driven by connecting non-Western countries to western companies and markets.
These differences embodied a tug-of-war over the Internets future that has only gathered force subsequently. In this extract from, when google met wikileaks, assange describes his encounter with Schmidt and how he came to conclude that it was far from an innocent exchange of views. Eric Schmidt is an influential figure, even among the parade of powerful characters with whom I have had to cross paths since i founded wikileaks. In mid-may 2011 I was under house arrest in rural Norfolk, england, about three hours drive northeast of London. The crackdown against our work was in full swing and every wasted moment seemed like an eternity. It was hard to get my attention.
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"It is perfectly clear from this explanation that that fundamental rule of barbing Kant is nota categorical imperative, but in fact a hypothetical one. For tacitly underlying it is the condition that the law to be laid down for my action, since i raise it to one that is universal, also becomes the law for my suffering." On the basis of Morality,. On the basis of Morality,. kant, Schopenhauer, and nietzsche on the morality of pity. Cartwright, journal of the history of Ideas, 1984. References edit External links edit. In June 2011, julian Assange received an unusual visitor: the chairman of google, eric Schmidt, london arrived from America at Ellingham Hall, the country house in Norfolk, england where Assange was living under house arrest.
Everything is a manifestation of what is commonly called will, that is, urge, desire, striving, force, or energy. Kant's merit edit Schopenhauer declared that the true basis of morality is compassion or sympathy. 7 The morality of an action can be judged in accordance with Kant's distinction of treating a person as an end not as a mere means. By drawing the distinction between egoism and unselfishness, kant correctly described the criterion of morality. For Schopenhauer, this was the only merit of Kant's Groundwork ladybug of the metaphysic of Morals. The Two fundamental Problems of Ethics, translated and edited by Christopher Janaway, the cambridge Edition of the works of Schopenhauer, 2009. In the introduction,. Xxxix If Kant's Categorical Imperative is universally valid, applying to all persons, then it also applies to the person who is acting in accordance with.
death if a person behaved well. Governmental laws are motives for good behavior because they promise earthly rewards and punishments. Kant 's, categorical imperative claimed that a person's own behavior should be in accordance with a universal law. All of these, however, are ultimately founded on selfish egoism. 2 "If an action has as its motive an egoistic aim wrote Schopenhauer, "it cannot have any moral worth." 3 Schopenhauer's doctrine was that morality is based on "the everyday phenomenon of compassion, the immediate participation, independent of all ulterior considerations, primarily in the suffering. Only insofar as an action has sprung from compassion does it have moral value; and every action resulting from any other motives has none." 4 Compassion is not egoistic because the compassionate person does not feel different from the suffering person or animal that. Even though the sufferer is experienced as an external being, "I nevertheless feel it with him, feel it as my own, and not within me, but in another person but this presupposes that to a certain extent I have identified myself with the other man.
The society's, judicium (Judgment) also read plan "Nor should it go unmentioned that several distinguished philosophers of recent times are mentioned in such an indecent fashion as to provoke just and grave offence". In response Schopenhauer, outraged, says that "These 'distinguished philosophers' are in fact —. following with a series of invectives and"ng Hegel, attempting to show with three different examples that Hegel "lacked even common human understanding". On a copy of his, two Essays, on the title, schopenhauer wrote that the judge of the essay in Copenhagen had been a hegelian academic, author of a hegelian theory of morals and later a bishop, making it very improbable that he would have been. Structure edit, on the basis of Morality is divided into four sections. The first section is an introduction in which Schopenhauer provides his account of the question posed by the royal Danish Society and his interpretation of the history of western ethics. In the second section, Schopenhauer embarks on a criticism. Kantian ethics, which he viewed as the orthodoxy in ethics.
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On the basis of Morality german : Ueber die grundlage der Moral, 1840) is one of, arthur Schopenhauer 's major works in ethics, in which he argues that morality stems from compassion. Schopenhauer begins with a criticism. Kant's, groundwork resumes of the metaphysic of Morals, which Schopenhauer considered to be the clearest explanation. Contents, publication history edit, arthur Schopenhauer wrote, on the basis of Morality as a response to a question posed by the royal Danish Society of Scientific Studies in 1837 for an essay contest. The question was, "Are the source and foundation of morals to be looked for in an idea of morality lying immediately in consciousness (or conscience) and in the analysis of other fundamental moral concepts springing from that idea, or are they to be looked for. Schopenhauer submitted the only entry to the contest in July 1839, but wasn't awarded the prize. On January 17, 1840, the society published a response to the essay, in which they refused to present him with the prize, claiming that he had misunderstood the question. Schopenhauer on the preface of the essay's publication went on to analyze the original question and preamble, later stating "I have proved incontrovertibly that the royal Danish Society really did ask what it denies having asked; and on the contrary that it did not ask.