It may be written as a stand-alone paper or to provide a theoretical framework and rationale for a research study (such as a thesis or dissertation). Step-by-step guide, these guidelines are adapted primarily from Galvan (2006). Galvan outlines a very clear, step-by-step approach that is very useful to use as you write your review. I have integrated some other tips within this guide, particularly in suggesting different technology tools that you might want to consider in helping you organize your review. In the sections from Step 6-9 what I have included is the outline of those steps exactly as described by galvan. I also provide links at the end of this guide to resources that you should use in order to search the literature and as you write your review.
Your First Literature review - write a literature review
Guidelines for writing a literature review "How to" guideline series is coordinated by helen Mongan-Rallis of the Education Department at the University of Minnesota duluth. If you have any questions, comments, or suggestions to improve these guidelines please me at e-mail. Last updated: April 19, 2018. Note: For these guidelines, in some sections I have"d directly resume some of the the steps from: Galvan,. Writing literature reviews: a guide for students of the behavioral sciences (3rd.). Glendale, ca: Pyrczak publishing. What is a literature review? A literature review is not an annotated bibliography in which you summarize briefly each article essay that you have reviewed. While a summary of the what you have read is contained within the literature review, it goes well beyond merely summarizing professional literature. It focuses on a specific topic of interest to you and includes a critical analysis of the relationship among different works, and relating this research to your work.
"Writing Narrative literature reviews for peer-reviewed journals: Secrets of the guaranteed Trade". Journal of Chiropractic Medicine. "Literature reviewing and Argumentation". In Hall, gerard; Longman,. Various fields edit hart, Chris (1998). Doing a literature review: Releasing the social Science research Imagination. Doing a literature search: a guide for the social Sciences.
"Validity and the review of Literature". Research in the Schools. Dellinger, Amy.; leech, nancy. "Toward a unified Validation Framework in Mixed Methods Research". Journal of Mixed Methods Research. Writing Literature reviews: a guide for shredder Students of the social and Behavioral Sciences (6th.). Green, assignment bart.; Johnson, Claire.; Adams, Alan (2006).
a b Granello,. "Promoting cognitive complexity in graduate written work: Using Bloom's taxonomy as a pedagogical tool to improve literature reviews". Step by Step: building a research Project. Further reading edit general edit cooper, harris. Synthesizing Research: a guide for Literature reviews. Applied Social Research Methods (3rd.). Thousand oaks, california: sage publications. "review of the literature". Qualitative, quantitative, and Mixed Method Approaches (4th.).
What is a literature review?
Writing a research Paper in Political Science. Thousand oaks, california: cq press. Adams, john; Khan, hafiz t a; raeside, robert (2007). Research parent methods for graduate business and social science students. New Delhi: sage publications. bolderston, Amanda (June 2008).
"Writing an reported Effective literature review". Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences. a b c Shields, patricia ; Rangarjan, nandhini (2013). A playbook for Research Methods: Integrating Conceptual Frameworks and Project Management. Stillwater, oklahoma: New Forums Press. "Writing a literature review".
When scholars use Blooms fifth category evaluating they are able to see the strengths and weaknesses of the theories, arguments, methodology and findings of the literature they have collected and read. 7 When scholars engage in creating the final category in Bloom's taxonomy, they bring creativity to the process of doing a literature review. In other words, they draw new and original insights from the literature. They may be able to find a fresh and original research question, identify a heretofore, unknown gap in the literature or make surprising connections. By understanding how ways of thinking connect to tasks of a literature review, a scholar is able to be self-reflective and bring metacognition to the process of reviewing the literature. 5 Most of these tasks occur before the writing even begins.
The process of reviewing the literature and writing a literature review can be complicated and lengthy. It is helpful to bring a system of organization and planning to the task. When an orderly system can be designed, it is easier to keep track of the articles, books, materials read, notes, outlines and drafts. 8 see also edit references edit lamb, david. "The Uses of Analysis: Rhetorical Analysis, Article Analysis, and the literature review". Archived from the original on Retrieved 26 February 2016.
Write a literature review Part
In Blooms third category applying the scholar is able to make connections between the literature and his or her larger research project. This is particularly true if the literature review is to be a chapter in first a future empirical study. The literature review begins to inform the research question, and methodological approaches. When scholars analyze (fourth category in Bloom's taxonomy) they are able to separate material into parts and figure out how the parts fit together. Analysis of the literature allows the scholar to develop frameworks for analysis and the ability to see the big picture and know how details from the literature fit within the big picture. Analysis facilitates the development of an outline (list). The books, articles and monographs read will be of different quality and value.
For a person doing a literature review this would include tasks such as recognition, retrieval and recollection of the relevant literature. During this stage relevant books, articles, monographs, dissertations, etc. Are identified and read. Blooms second category understanding occurs as the scholar comprehends bpo the material they have collected and read. This step is critical because no one can write clearly about something they do not understand. Understanding may be challenging because the literature could introduce the scholar to new terminology, conceptual framework and methodology. Comprehension (particularly for new scholars) is often improved by taking careful notes.
reviewing the literature and a finished work or product known as a literature review. 5 :193229 The process of reviewing the literature is often ongoing and informs many aspects of the empirical research project. All of the latest literature should inform a research project. Scholars need to be scanning the literature long after a formal literature review product appears to be completed. A careful literature review is usually 15 to 30 pages and could be longer. The process of reviewing the literature requires different kinds of activities and ways of thinking. 6 Shields and Rangarajan (2013) and Granello (2001) link the activities of doing a literature review with Benjamin Bloom s revised taxonomy of the cognitive domain (ways of thinking: remembering, understanding, applying, analyzing, evaluating, and creating). 5 7 The first category in Bloom's taxonomy is remembering.
Literature reviews are a basis for research in nearly every academic field. 1 unreliable source, a narrow-scope literature review may be included as part of a peer-reviewed journal article presenting new research, serving to situate the current study within the body of the relevant literature and to provide context for the reader. In such a case, the review usually precedes the methodology and results sections of the work. Producing a literature review may also be part of graduate and post-graduate student work, including in the preparation database of a thesis, dissertation, or a journal article. Literature reviews are also common in a research proposal or prospectus (the document that is approved before a student formally begins a dissertation or thesis). Contents, the main types of literature reviews are: evaluative, exploratory, and instrumental. 3 A fourth type, the systematic review, is often classified separately, but is essentially a literature review focused on a research question, trying to identify, appraise, select and synthesize all high-quality research evidence and arguments relevant to that question.
How to conduct a literature review: Types of Literature
For a focused scientific review with pre-defined methodology, see. This article needs attention from an expert on the subject. Please add a reason or a talk parameter to this template to explain the issue with the article. When placing this tag, consider associating this request with a, wikiproject. (may 2014 a literature review or narrative review is one of the two main types of review articles, the other being the systematic review. A literature review is a scholarly paper, which includes the current knowledge including substantive findings, as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. Literature reviews are secondary sources, and do not report new or original experimental work. Most often associated with academic-oriented literature, such reviews are found in academic book journals, and are not to be confused with book reviews that may also appear in the same publication.