Gov (as opposed. Org) as they will be more reliable. Avoid sources like wikipedia, personal blogs, or other non-academic websites. A good way to tell if a source is reliable is to look at the credentials of the author. If the person who wrote the source has a phD in a related field, they are an expert, whereas a blogger might have less strict requirements for fact-checking their information. 4, keep in mind that some of these non-academic sites may include reliable information or lead to you other reliable sources.
What is a good history thesis topic for American, history?
The most important thing is that you dont quit writing at any point. At the end of the exercise, hopefully youll be able to see that you know more than you thought you did girl and start making connections between your existing ideas. 1, clustering or mapping. This technique involves making a kind of map by jotting down some of your ideas and then visually (by color coding or drawing lines between connected items) linking items that share some similar traits. This will help you see connections more clearly. Do some preliminary research about your topic. Choose reliable, reputable sources and focus specifically on areas that you already know less about. 3, reputable sources for papers include scholarly books and articles that you can find in the library, in online academic databases (like academic search hay Complete, jstor, world Cat, etc. or in google Scholar. Aim to use sites that end.
Meet them after class, during their office hours, or parts send them an email. When sending an email, write the name and time of the class in the subject line. Once you have picked a subject, practice a brainstorming activity in which you write down everything you know about the topic. This will help you make connections about what you already know and figure out where there are existing gaps in your knowledge. True brainstorming involves simply writing down everything you know about a topic without much care given to the organization, time spent, or outcome. But there are several more structured methods of brainstorming that include: Freewriting. Freewriting is an exercise that involves giving yourself a time limit (usually 5-10 minutes) and writing continuously until that time. Dont worry about grammar, punctuation, sounding academic, or anything like that.
Biography is provided both in a short version, and in detail. And we will look at his works, engravings, paintings, and drawings, trying to discover the artists deepest thoughts, as it is said that, if you want to learn anything of his mind, search for it in his pictures. That would be the only way to discover Dürer. Apparently, none of his literary works would reveal any insight into his real heart, everything is written with cold, laconic precision. Was it really cold? What lies behind that? Maybe the modesty, and the true honest nature of Albrecht Dürer. How to Write a good Thesis: 12 Steps (with Pictures) - wikihow.
Free, historical, thesis, essay
The revival of the like classical spirit of Antiquity inspired the new, original conceptions in art. The movement influenced the art more than the literature, with engravings, woodcuts, and paintings reflecting the new thinking. The study of Dürers works requires more imaginative effort than the works of the Italian Renaissance artists. In a typical German fashion, his art sometimes disregards the outward beauty of form, with the main intent of revealing the inner life. The art is subordinated to the revelation of the real, the inward, which latter was the subject of investigation for German philosophers like kant and Schopenhauer. And, like in the case of early german painters, the expression of the inner, emotional life, remained the ideal of Dürer. A true humanist of the time, he has an impressive contribution to literature, and according to his friend Camerarius, dürer was a master of natural sciences and mathematics.
He wrote treatises on measurement, fortifications, proportion, and on artistic theory. His most important work is "Human Proportions containing the results of a life-long, patient study. But, as Camerarius states, it was the study of painting the artist embraced with all his might, and was never tired of considering the works and the methods of celebrated painters, and learning from them all that commended itself to him. We cannot really understand the artists personality unless we immerse ourselves in the study of his art, life and times. And this is the purpose of this site, to offer an in-depth look at Dürers art and his life.
"New" Western historians - many of whom actually echo and draw upon fairly old scholarly works - often argue that their accounts offer a more inclusive and honest reckoning of the western past. Western historians who still adhere roughly to turner's approach accuse their opponents of mistaking a simple-minded political correctness for good scholarship in their quest to recount only the doom and gloom of the western past. Often the rhetoric reaches an acrimonious crescendo. But in a sense, the very acrimony of these debates takes us full circle back to turner and his legacy, for debates about the significance of Western history are hardly ever confined to the past. In our understanding of what we are as a nation, if on no other level, the western past continues to define us today.
Albrecht Dürer was not only the greatest artist of the northern Renaissance, but also a unique personality, his genius coexisting with a pure, noble character. Indeed, looking at his self portraits, we discover the handsome man he was, with his face reflecting the purity of his soul and his intelligence. Self-Portrait, 1498 - detail, museo del Prado, madrid, his contemporaries were impressed by his physical appearance, and his mental and moral qualities, which were no less remarkable. Camerarius writes that such were the sweetness and charm of his language that listeners were always sorry when he had finished speaking. Philipp Melanchthon, writing after his friend death, said that his art, great as it was, was his least merit, as in his eyes, Albrecht the Christian was worth even more than the artist. Among all the artists investigating the classical in search of new principles of art, Albrecht Dürer stands supreme. He studied the art principles, made rigorous theoretical observations, meticulously recorded the results of his investigations, and then he gave the resulting written instructions to his contemporaries. In the 16th Century, the city was the chief centre of the german artistic life.
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Many such critics have sought to replace the idea of a moving frontier with the idea of the west as a distinctive region, much like the American south. Where turner told the triumphalist story of the frontier's promotion of a distinctly American democracy, many of his critics have argued that precisely the opposite was the case. Cooperation and communities of various sorts, not isolated individuals, made possible the absorption of the west into the United States. Most migrant wagon trains, for example, were composed of extended kinship networks. Moreover, as the 19th century wore on, the role of the federal government and large corporations grew increasingly important. Corporate investors headquartered in New York laid the railroads; government troops defeated Indian nations who refused to get out of the way of manifest destiny; supermarket even the cowboys, enshrined in popular mythology as rugged loners, were generally low-level employees of sometimes foreign-owned cattle corporations. Moreover, these revisionist scholars argue, for many places the west has not been the land of freedom and opportunity that both Turnerian history and popular mythology would have us believe. For many women, Asians, mexicans who suddenly found themselves residents of the United States, and, of course, indians, the west was no promised land. The more foreboding and cautionary tale which increasing numbers of Western historians have offered in place of Turner's account has provoked sharp controversy.
More than a century after he first delivered his frontier thesis, historians still hotly debate turner's ideas and approach. His critics have denied everything from his basic assumptions to home the small details of his argument. The mainstream of the profession has long since discarded Turner's assumption that the frontier is the key to American history as a whole; they point instead to the critical influence of such factors as slavery and the civil War, immigration, and the development of industrial. But even within Western and frontier history, a growing body of historians has contested Turner's approach. Some have long disputed the very idea of a frontier of "free land." Turner's formulation ignored the presence of the numerous Indian peoples whose subjugation was required by the nation's westward march, and assumed that the bulk of newly acquired lands were actually democratically distributed. The numerous Indian wars provoked by American expansion belie turner's argument that the American "free land" frontier was a sharp contrast with European nations' borders with other states. On a more analytic level, an increasing number of Western historians have found the very concept of a frontier dubious, because it applies to too many disparate places and times to be useful. How much do puritan New England and the california of the transcontinental railroad really have in common?
by the raising of unrotated crops of corn and wheat in sparsely settled farm communities; the intensive culture of the denser farm settlement; and finally the manufacturing organization with the city and the factory. For Turner, the deeper significance of the frontier lay in the effects of this social recapitulation on the American character. "The frontier he claimed, "is the line of most rapid Americanization." The presence and predominance of numerous cultural traits - "that coarseness and strength combined with acuteness and acquisitiveness; that practical inventive turn of mind, quick to find expedients; that masterful grasp of material things. That restless, nervous energy; that dominant individualism" - could all be attributed to the influence of the frontier. Turner's essay reached triumphalist heights in his belief that the promotion of individualistic democracy was the most important effect of the frontier. Individuals, forced to rely on their own wits and strength, he believed, were simply too scornful of rank to be amenable to the exercise of centralized political power. Turner offered his frontier thesis as both an analysis of the past and a warning about the future. If the frontier had been so essential to the development of American culture and democracy, then what would befall them as the frontier closed? It was on this forboding note that he closed his address: "And now, four centuries from the discovery of America, at the end of a hundred years of life under the constitution, the frontier has gone, and with its going has closed the first period.
Turner's contribution to American history was to argue that the frontier past best explained the distinctive reviews history of the United States. He most cogently articulated this idea in "The significance of the Frontier in American History which he first delivered to a gathering of historians in 1893 at Chicago, then the site of the world's Columbian Exposition, an enormous fair to mark the four-hundredth anniversary. Although almost totally ignored at the time, turner's lecture eventually gained such wide distribution and influence that a contemporary scholar has called it "the single most influential piece of writing in the history of American history.". Three years before turner's pronouncement of the frontier thesis, the. Census Bureau had announced the disappearance of a contiguous frontier line. Turner took this "closing of the frontier" as an opportunity to reflect upon the influence it had exercised. He argued that the frontier had meant that every American generation returned "to primitive conditions on a continually advancing frontier line." Along this frontier - which he also described as "the meeting point between savagery and civilization" - americans again and again recapitulated the developmental.
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(1861-1932) "The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward explain American development." With these words, Frederick jackson Turner laid the foundation for modern historical study of the American West and presented a roles "frontier thesis" that. Turner was born in Portage, wisconsin, in 1861. His father, a journalist by trade and local historian by avocation, piqued Turner's interest in history. After his graduation from the University of Wisconsin in 1884, turner decided to become a professional historian, and received his. From Johns Hopkins University in 1890. He served as a teacher and scholar at the University of Wisconsin from 1889 to 1910, when he joined Harvard's faculty. He retired in 1924 but continued his research until his death in 1932.